Neural Machine Translation for Text and Speech
In his talk, Mattia Di Gangi will introduce Neural machine translation (NMT). This is an exciting research area that is experiencing fast growth and attracting more and more groups from academia and industry, and some of its fundamental problems are still unsolved. Neural machine translation (NMT) reached such impressive results in the last few years that some industrial players, imprudently, claimed to have reached human parity.
Popular taste and public understanding of literature are shaped by many different life experiences and influences, including what happens in schooling. Dr. Julie Blake's work is part of a body of research that seeks to understand the history of English literary education through its material artefacts and traces of classroom practice (eg Michael 1987, Rubin 2007 and Robson 2015). This history connects in interesting interdisciplinary ways with the history of literature, the reception history of different authors, the history of mass education, Britain’s colonial past and its postcolonial present. In her talk, Blake will share some of the practicalities and possibilities of building a digital “difference engine” for this research, and will discuss how this kind of approach might be developed and applied in other areas of literary history.
Relire la littérature des années 30 grâce aux humanités numériques: le cas des hebdomadaires d’information et de reportage.
Les années 1930 voient l’émergence des hebdomadaires illustrés par la photographie ou le montage photographique, comme Détective, Vu, ou Regards. Ces organes de presse contribuent à transformer le regard que les contemporains jettent sur le monde. Mais on ne peut toutefois les analyser du seul point de vue de l’actualité journalistique. Ces revues sont aussi animées par des écrivains et elles sont liées aux grandes maisons d’édition. L’exposé tentera donc de lier ce phénomène éditorial avec l’histoire de la littérature française, dans la perspective d’une approche transmédiatique.
The Collective Editing of the Talmud
The Babylonian Talmud, known simply as the Bavli, is the collaborative effort of generations of sages. It is also the foundational legal and ethical document of rabbinic Judaism. Rather than being authored by any individual authors, it instead represents the collective work of the Jewish scholarly community in Babylonia over five centuries. From its inception, in the beginning of the third century, until the end of the eighth century it was transmitted orally, and it continuously evolved and developed collectively throughout the period. This presentation will analyze the unique process of its formation and early transmission and how it came to represent the first oral wiki editing process.
The thesis « The Rule and the Doubt » is dedicated to the Italian author Italo Calvino, more precisely to the study of a narrative mechanism that plays a central role in his work: doubt used as the propulsion engine for writing. The aim of the thesis is to analyze this phenomenon in all its forms and to identify its various consequences in the narrative articulation of the text. The research is also supposed to develop a reflection on Calvino’s critical texts, exploring the hypothesis that the dubitative text is born at the crossroads of fiction and essay. In order to realize the research, an attempt was made to use different methods of analysis in a complementary manner: a more traditional approach derived to literary criticism, combined with a perspective linked to the DH dimension (e.g. Data Visualization).
Hiphop lezen: kwantitatieve en kwalitatieve methoden voor letterkundig onderzoek naar hiphop
Terwijl de wereld om ons heen steeds meer lijkt te verengelsen, grijpen zowel Nederlandse als Belgische jongeren massaal naar een jeugdcultuur in hun eigen taal: hiphop. Van Frenna tot Zwangere Guy en van Ronnie Flex tot Shay, Blu Samu of Coely – hiphop is de dominante jongerencultuur van dit moment, zowel wereldwijd als in Nederland. Die ongekende populariteit van hiphop, een door identiteitsvraagstukken gekenmerkt muziekgenre en idem jeugdcultuur, roept de vraag op hoe Nederlandse jongeren (artiesten en actief publiek) in hiphop hun culturele identiteit (her)definiëren. Op die vraag promoveert neerlandica en letterkundige Aafje de Roest (1993) aan de Universiteit Leiden (sectie Moderne Nederlandse letterkunde). Haar door NWO-gefinancierde onderzoek combineert kwalitatieve en kwantitatieve methoden om tot een antwoord op deze vraag te komen. Maar hoe onderzoek te doen naar een snel veranderende jeugdcultuur die misschien wel per definitie ‘ongrijpbaar' moet blijven? In dit college verkent De Roest het antwoord op die vraag, en neemt zij je aan de hand van recente case studies uit de Nederlandse en Vlaamse scene mee in het spel van hiphopjongeren, die tegen een lokale achtergrond, maar in een werelds perspectief, hun culturele identiteit vormgeven.
The challenges of investigating loosely structured genres and of operationalizing semantic content
Literary studies are often dealing with genres that are well established in literary discourse but can, on closer inspection, not be identified on the level of textual features. In other words, there are loosely structured genres that are not instantiated as clear-cut text types. The German novella, which is split up into two genres, that of the ‚Erzählung‘ and that of the ‚Novelle‘, is such a disordered genre. Research in literary genres, however, usually presumes the existence of a common text type on the level of textual features that can be revealed, for example, with stylometric analysis or based on classification tasks. It is the aim of a larger project to reveal the latent structures of German novellas. The presentation gives a systematic outline of the challenge of analyzing the historical change of the novella as a loosely structured genre.
Towards a Collection of Digital Literature from Flanders and the Netherlands (1971–2022)
Digital literature is an umbrella term that encompasses differing types of multimodal works of literature that are all reliant on the digital environment for their production, dissemination and/or consumption (Rettberg 2018). Digital literature can refer to hypertext fictions, algorithm-generated poetry, works created in virtual reality, online fan fiction, and various other permutations. Digital literature emerged as a concept and a field of study in the 1980s and 1990s. The rapidly changing nature and function of digital media since then have urged new definitions and approaches to this art form.
Stop tracking science. The aggregation and selling of users’ data by science publishers
The business model of science publishers has change over recent years. Not only content but data analytics is the new core of science publishing industry. This has detrimental effects on universities. My talk reconstructs the history of science publishing and analyses the current techniques of collecting traces of scientists using university libraries and science publishing platforms. Finally, the talk discusses a way out.
Machine Learning for Digital Scholarly Editions: The Case of eScriptorium
Digital and computational tools and methods are becoming increasingly part of scholarly activity, including in Digital Scholarly Editing. One example of this is in transcribing texts from manuscripts, where machine learning is becoming more and more effective. To this end, eScriptorium is being developed to leverage Machine Learning to help in transcription, whether automatic, semi-automatic or manual. In principle the software should be useful for any type of edition, in any language and script and from any date. In practice, however, this raises many questions, including to what extent AI can or should be employed in preparing editions, how much the expert should remain ‘in the loop’, but also to what extent it is even possible to develop a single tool that can work for everything from Greek papyrus to 20th-century notebooks to Old Vietnamese inscriptions and beyond. This talk will therefore present the current state of the art while also addressing some practical and theoretical questions that remain for the future.